Athens is the capital and largest city of Greece. The nights are cool. During the time of the Ancient Greeks it was the center of power, art, science, and philosophy in the world. Athens Facts For Kids – Ancient Greek History. Greater Athens has an area of 165 square miles (427 square km). Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). She was Zeus’s favorite child. The climate of Athens is benign: frost is rare (the minimum temperature is 32 °F, or 0 °C) and snow seldom lies, while the summers, though hot (maximum temperature is 99 °F, or 37 °C), are dry, and a fresh northeasterly wind often blows by day. To put its age into perspective: the first... 2. The oldest hotel in Athens, The Grand Bretagne, was first the royal guesthouse. Other city states in Greece also applied democracy, but the records for the application were abundant in Athens. Around the tenth century B.C., the settlers form… This set a mod… During the fight for independence, it had been entirely evacuated in 1827, and six years later it held perhaps 4,000 people in the straggle of little houses on the north slope below the Acropolis. The Parthenon was made a Christian church. It is a center for economic, political, financial and culture life in Greece. Athens is the capital of Greece and also its largest city. Athens was at the centre of an area known as Attica. Athens lies 5 miles (8 km) from the Bay of Phaleron, an inlet of the Aegean (Aigaíon) Sea where Piraeus (Piraiévs), the port of Athens, is situated, in a mountain-girt arid basin divided north-south by a line of hills. The climate of the city permits outdoor activity the year round and has had an important effect on both the style of architecture and the life and political institutions of the city. The story of Athena is very similar to the story of the founding of Greece. Facts about Athena. 1. The Ancient Greek Empire spread from Greece through Europe and, in 800 BC, the Greeks started to split their land into city-states, each with its own laws, customs and rulers. The origins of Athens date back to 3000BC, making it one of the oldest cities in the world. During this time it grew from a small fishing village to the most important city in the ancient world. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Athens is the second capital city of Greece. It Was Settled In Prehistoric Times It had many fine buildings and was named after Athena, the goddess of wisdom and warfare. Athens was part of the Ottoman Empire (1458-1832) while the rest of Western Europe was experiencing the Renaissance and the Industrial Revolution. 2.The Greeks had some strange superstitions about food – some wouldn’t eat beans as they thought t… Athens is the symbol of freedom, art, and democracy in the conscience of the civilized world. You’ll need to match them to their countries. Key Facts & Information Basic Facts of Athens and Sparta. Athens remains on the world stage to this day. It became capital during the reign of King Otto in 1834. So, let’s take a look at 12 facts about the sacred hill of Athens. There were many important city-states in Ancient Greece, but Athens was perhaps the most important and the most powerful. Greater Athens has an area of 165 square miles (427 square km). The most important cities in ancient Greek were Sparta and Athens. It is generally believed that the city was named after the goddess of wisdom, Athena. Athens lies 5 miles (8 km) from the Bay of Phaleron, an inlet of the Aegean (Aigaíon) Sea where Piraeus (Piraiévs), the port of Athens, is situated, in a mountain-girt arid basin divided north-south by a line of hills. For treatment of the city in its regional setting, see Greece; historical and cultural aspects are treated further in the article ancient Greek civilization. Athens is the capital and the largest city of Greece. That act saved it later from destruction of non Christian temples, in times of deep Theocracy. The Athenians invented democracy, a new type of government where every citizen could vote on important issues, such as whether or not to declare war. 7. Actress, activist, and Minister of Culture, Melina Mercouri, is credited with the establishment of the institution, the "European Capital of Culture." According to Homer’s account in the Iliad, Athena was a … Athens holds a special place in the history of Western Civilization. Athena was the Goddess of War, the female counterpart of Ares. Hitler and Rommel were there on the eve of the Soviet Invasion. The Romans, the Byzantines, the Latin crusaders, the Ottomans, and finally the modern Greek state, all left their mark on the rocky hill. Athens is named after Athena, the Greek goddess of wisdom and war, and daughter of Zeus. Athens is the capital and largest city in Greece, With a population of about 3,5 million people and long history, Athens stretches on a large peninsula that is protected by mountains from all sides of the horizon: Mt Egaleo to the west, Mt Parnes to the north, Mt … It was a recreation of the route used by the legendary runner, Pheidippides, in 490 BC to announce the Athenian victory against the Persians at the battle of Marathon 25 miles away. It is the birth place of democracy and the heart of the Ancient Greek civilization. They established themselves near the crag, which later would become the Acropolis. Hence, it became a symbol of Athenian economic prosperity. During German occupation (1941-1944) it was used as Nazi HQ. Omissions? 3. When approached from the west, from elsewhere in Europe, what strikes the visitor is the influence of the East—in the food, music, and clamorous street life—perhaps vestiges of a time when Athens was divorced from European society under the yoke of Ottoman rule. Today, the population of Athens including its parent state Attica, reaches the number of approx. 1. 12. The people of Athens chose their ruler. Back then it was a small town with only 10,000 citizens. Though it is blessed with an incredible history and a rich culture, there are many known and unknown facts about Athens. Athens, now the capital of Greece, is located on a peninsula that stretches southeastward into the Aegean Sea. Athens is the largest city of Greece, apart from being one of the oldest cities of the world. The long oral tradition, alive even under the invader, has reflected and stimulated a taste for rich talk. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. It is located in Central Greece in the southern part of the region of Attica. 1. Here are 12 facts about the Acropolis of Athens. Fact 26: Athena offered the first olive tree as a gift to Athens. Interesting Facts about Athens 1. Fun & Interesting Facts about Athens Along with being the capital of Greece, Athens is also the capital of the Attica Periphery and the Athens Prefecture. The first settlers in Athens were from various ethnic groups that were organized in several kingdoms. The city of Athens, Greece, with its famous Acropolis, has come to symbolize the whole of the country in the popular imagination, and not without cause. Athens is one of the oldest cities in the world and has been continuously inhabited for around 7,000 years! The Greek Orthodox Church, which is directed by a synod sitting in Athens, was a main force in keeping alive the Greek language, tradition, and literature when such things were forbidden, and most people still support it. Some three centuries after the death of Pericles (429 bce), Athenians entered upon a period of bondage that lasted almost 2,000 years. 5. Greece welcomed 17,920,000 tourists into the country in 2013, many of whom visited Athens for its ancient history and... Whilst the Olympics are … The surrounding mountains—Párnis, 4,636 feet (1,413 metres); Pentelicus (Pendéli), 3,631 feet; Hymettos (Imittós), 3,365 feet; and Aigáleon, 1,535 feet—add to the impression of barrenness. Athens is also the capital city and a centre of politics and tourism. If it … The city started to decline in 529, when the Emperor Justinian I closed its philosophical schools. It is the oldest civilization where the first recorded human inhabitants were in 3000 BC. Athens is the third largest city in Europe and it is the home of ancient civilization. Athens became the first in 1985. This olive tree brought various benefits to the city and its people, such as wood, food, and oil. Discover interesting Athens facts. According to the Greek mythology, Cecrops, who was half man and half serpent, founded Athens and became the first king. The city was freed in 1833, and in the following 170 years it was the scene of more than a dozen revolutions, another brutal foreign occupation, and a civil war of especial savagery. Records show the city’s origins go back to around 3,400 years ago, also making it one of the oldest cities in the ... Athens has experienced almost every form of government. It is really worth a visit, and to make … 3. The ancient heroes, too, were vain about both themselves and honour, boasting as much about outwitting the enemy as about outfighting him. 11. The city was home to Plato's Academy and Aristotle's Lyceum. The ancient Olympic games were never actually held there. One of the weird facts about Athens, is that it only became the capital city of Greece relatively recently. King Otto (see fact 7) changed it from the Port of Nafplio in 1834 for sentimental reasons related to the city's glorious past. 1. Raphael School of Athens Facts You Didn’t Know school_of_athens_painting_facts An architect and a relative to Raphael who took him to Pope Julius II, Bramante actually helped Raphael with the architectural elements in the painting , hence so having an awful resemblance to the St. Peter’s Basilica. Ancient Athens spanned several thousand years, from about 6,000 BC to about 322 BC. Six display archaeological treasures uncovered during the metro's construction. It was known as a beautiful public buildings, public bath, shops, and busy city. In addition to building a raft of new sports venues and facilities (including a stadium designed by Santiago Calatrava), Athens undertook massive transportation infrastructure improvements that included dramatic expansion of public transportation and the construction of a new international airport. Of course, the poetic impulse to make a good story better leads to considerable exaggeration in daily conversation, suiting a vanity that goes with a sharp-edged sense of personal and family honour and the spoiling of children. The sacred hill of Athens continued changing with every new civilization that passed from the city. 4. Athens, with its tall buildings and contemporary shops, is the first European city when approached from the Middle East. 8. 3.8 million. Before hosting the 2004 Olympic Games, all of the street signs of Athens had to be changed to include a Latin spelling under the Greek. Fact 27: Athena was the guardian of Athens. How well do you know the world’s capital cities? 6. Weird Fact: The first modern king of Greece was a Bavarian prince and only 17 years old. The Ottoman T… Athens is statistically one of the lowest ranking capital cities when it comes to violent crime. Athens was the … 10. Athens took its name from the goddess Athena, the goddess of wisdom and knowledge.Sparta, a town near the river Evrotas, is located in the center of t… She sprang from Zeus’s head, full-grown and clothed in armor. They may have shared the same cultural, religious and linguistic heritage, but they were ruled independently. In modern times, Athens is a large cosmopolitan metropolis and central to economic, financial, industrial, maritime, political and cultural life in Greece. Athena is one of the 12 Olympian Gods who resided atop Mount Olympus.The Olympians are a race of deities who are a third or fourth generation of immortal beings and they were worshiped as the principal deities of the Greek pantheon.The Olympians managed to become the supreme deities after a 10 year long struggle … The Athens Larger Urban Zone (LUZ) is said to be the 8th most populated LUZ in the European Union. The Horologium and the Orthodox cathedrals, Ancient History Encyclopedia - Athens, Greece, Athens - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Athens - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). 1 % Athens cradle of Western civilisation. As of May 2019, the population of Athens is about 3 million people. The city, after all, nurtured Western civilization thousands of years ago. The core of that character is an implacable will to survive, buttressed by a profound sense of loyalty (especially to the family) and patriotism. The Acropolis and surrounding area, Athens. 2. Athens, Modern Greek Athínai, Ancient Greek Athēnai, historic city and capital of Greece. The government in Greece especially Athens was made based on the democracy. It is one of the oldest cities in the world, having survived over 3000 years. The city center of Athens is only 15 sq miles or 39 sq kilometers. Athens’ origins date back to 3,000 B.C. Athens - Athens - The city plan: In 1833 there was almost no Athens at all. Notably, in 2004 the world came to the city for the Olympic Games, which spurred a dramatic makeover for Athens. Her temple was the Parthenon. 12. The Parthenon in Athens, Greece #2 She is one of the twelve Olympian Gods. The city center of Athens is only 15 sq miles or 39 sq kilometers. It was also the first Greek city-state to adopt a fully democratic system of government. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? The millennia of oppression, instead of driving the Athenians into obtuse moroseness, have honed their wit and rendered them tough but supple, while centuries of privation have only preserved their warmth and generosity. It also had its own Constitution. Athens is one of the great cities of the world. Yet such considerations are superficial when compared with the fecundity of Athens’s bequests to the world, such as its philosophy, its architecture, its literature, and its political ideals. Facts about Ancient Athens will inform you about the largest city of Greece. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Many of Classical civilization’s intellectual and artistic ideas originated there, and the city is generally considered to be the birthplace of Western civilization. Athens is a Beta global city according to the Globalization and World Cities Research Network, and is one of the biggest economic centers in southeastern Europe. Both Athens and Sparta hold historic value for Greece and the world. Acropolis is a rocky hill and most of … The reason for this, is that Ancient Greece was not a country, but a collection of independent city states. Athens began as a small, Mycenaen community and grew to become a city that, at its height, epitomized the best of Greek virtues and enjoyed such prestige that the Spartans refused to sack the city or enslave the citizens, even after Athens' defeat in the Peloponnesian War. The kings ruled both cities. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Athens is one of the oldest cities in the world as well, with recorded history going back over 3400 years. They Say of the Acropolis Where the Parthenon Is… One of the main attractions in Athens is an ancient fortification on top of a hill in the middle of Athens. Acropolis holds the world’s oldest weather station IT’S THE MOST FAMOUS OF MANY ACROPOLEIS. Facts about Ancient Greece Government give the interesting ideas and philosophies of the government in ancient Greece. Here are some facts about Ancient Athens. This long history of passion and suffering has had considerable effect on the Athenian character. The first history of Athens was recorded around 3,400 years ago making it Europe's oldest capital and one of the oldest cities of the world. Athens was the largest and most influential of the Greek city-states. 15 Incredible Facts About Athens. Here are 10 fun facts about Athens, Greece that you might not already know: 1. About Athens all, nurtured Western civilization thousands of years ago making it of. Half serpent, founded Athens and Sparta hold historic value for Greece also! Will review what you ’ ll need to match them to their countries mother bore.... World and has been continuously inhabited for around 7,000 years Nazi HQ capital city and a rich,... 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